vitamins and their functions sources and deficiency chart pdf

�3�G\�X�P?ғ�p��z+}������p#�\7u����U�.��ò��!���*�6N�w��C1��9�ۭ8R���x�h8DD��W�Zu���ݺ)� f��|0���y��T>�qIJy��h���K�3 ���PJh\���||�Y��Ѻ�e`�,��3����*�eg(� \� U��װjt1�'�����wU(L�Kĉ��@MH���0��y�VO�9y���6����%��� ��U�)�I �4���D)���4ʩr?�*�xb�����j��l���*�����q`,�i�;D. Essential nutrient for eye health. Water-soluble vitamins travel freely through the body, and excess amounts usually are excreted by the kidneys. Vitamin C and its supplements have marked effect on reducing the risks of cancer, cardiac and respiratory diseases. Vitamin C is an absolute requirement when it comes to wound healing and collagen synthesis. Vitamin deficiency can cause health problems. The body needs water-soluble vitamins in frequent, small doses. Vitamin K deficiency is generally identified in people with improper digestive health. WATER SOLUBLE VITAMINS These include the B-vitamins and vitaminC They are soluble in water and can therefore be excreted in the urine They share few common properties besides their solubility characteristics Most of these vitamins act as coenzymes Examples include thiamine (Vit B1), Riboflavin (B2), Niacin, Pantothenic acid (Vit B5), Vitamin B6 This article discusses vitamin A, including its benefits, food sources, as well as effects of deficiency and toxicity. Water-soluble vitamins and their functions ... Leafy green vegetables, soybeans, dairy products, meats, legumes and vegetables are some of the sources of Vitamin K. Vitamin K deficiency. Primary and Secondary Metabolites In animal tissues, one notices the presence of all categories of compounds shown in Figure 9.1. A vitamin deficiency occurs when you do not get enough of a certain vitamin. Folate is a term which includes naturally occurring food folate and synthetic folic acid, which is used in … h�b```"kV�,``��0pt006�y�����AxʪU �L�)��9N(I Vitamins can be found in major foods like meat, leafy vegetables, fruits etc. Unless specified, values represent those for adults ages 19 and older. These are available in various food that are consumed daily. Vitamin deficiency can cause health problems. ���fH� �a`t����Xd"�6?#�����������&�x*Lf���-���U�^F�J�>���H�f���2�0 ��) Water-soluble vitamins Water-soluble vitamins travel freely through the body, and excess amounts usually are excreted by the kidneys. Vitamin Name Body Part/Functions . beta carotene) Night-blindness, poor immunity (e.g. The body needs water-soluble vitamins in frequent, small doses. Class 12: Chemistry: Biomolecules: Vitamins their Sources and Deficiency Diseases Water-soluble vitamins travel freely through the body, and excess amounts usually are excreted by the kidneys. Vitamin A is a fat-soluble nutrient that plays a vital role in your body. Vitamins: their functions and good food sources READING Vitamins and minerals in foods are necessary for the body to grow, develop and function properly. %%EOF %���� <>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI] >>/MediaBox[ 0 0 612 1008] /Contents 4 0 R/Group<>/Tabs/S/StructParents 0>> – Is essential for normal physiological function, usually in minute amounts – Cause a specific deficiency syndrome when absent or underutilized – Is NOT synthesized by the host in amounts adequate to meet normal physiological needs: human can make vitamins D 3 and B 3 • Vitamers are different forms of a particular vitamin, e.g. Vitamins and minerals have specific functions and are derived from a variety of food sources 1. Based on their role in biological processes and their effect different vitamins have different functions, their function can be best understood by knowing about their deficiency diseases. $�A� �kI "D��D�m�H07���@�e�Ub� �H �1H���> ���L�+�,Fj�/| 0 ��? Here is an overview of the functions of vitamins, symptoms of vitamin deficiency, and natural sources. o��;p�I������rV˹of�i�Z`���%'! Vitamins are of two types: Fat-soluble – which are dissolved in fat; Water-soluble – which are dissolved in water; Here is a table that illustrates the type of vitamins, sources, and diseases due to vitamin deficiency. Functions of Vitamins. Other vitamin deficiency symptoms may include :: Vitamins - Sources, Benefits and Deficiency Diseases Free static GK e-book. There are two varieties of vitamins, their disparities, functioning; structure, sources and deficiency diseases are mentioned below in this present article. Vitamins – Chemical Names, Deficiency Disease, Sources Vitamins Chemical Name Solubility Deficiency disease Overdose disease Food sources Vitamin A Retinol Fat … Vitamins are the essential dietary factors that are required for healthy & normal functioning of the body. The body needs water-soluble vitamins in … Water-soluble vitamins travel freely through the body, and excess amounts usually are excreted by the kidneys. 2 0 obj What is it? 4 0 obj Vitamin D deficiency has been shown to impair proper function of insulin- producing cells possibly leading to type 2 diabetes. Primary and Secondary Metabolites, Vitamins, Deficiency Diseases, Micronutrients – Vitamins and Minerals, Food Sources of Vitamins and Minerals. stream �Uu��h��e��La0��x��`b�R�Ƶr9��mq�R������1�_�'�N�ݒ�z����QD�����K9o��ަ�B��R�]vi�(�Hd�b��ݲ��$�$�XWR�VgK�V������U����=�3Ij��gڝ�M!�S��J�F 1|d��hu[��s'��Ё/�� ��|�ٰ��s�k�J���GOu����y����H-� �W�u��,�M��4N��b8�n3�|�(�?�uֆ,Ю� ��_ އ�"�A��k�S~Pä�P�3#Ϲ��V�M��|� 2�aqH�쀎xg 25 0 obj <> endobj A vitamin deficiency occurs when you do not get enough of a certain vitamin. Compiled from NCERT Science Textbooks Class 6-12. Water-soluble vitamins. • Immune function • Muscle contraction • Nervous system function • Normal heart rhythm • Protein formation Avocados • Beans and peas • Dairy products • Fruits (e.g., bananas and raisins) • Green leafy vegetables (e.g.,spinach) • Nuts and pumpkin seeds • Potatoes • Whole grains 420 mg The tables below list the vitamins, what they do in the body (their functions), and their sources in food. The recommendations in this vitamins chart are based largely on guidelines from the Institute of Medicine. Vitamins: Their Functions, Sources and deficiency Share Tweet Google+ Pinterest LinkedIn Tumblr Email + Vitamins are organic (carbon-containing) substances required in small amounts to regulate various processes within living cells. It is important that adults do not exceed the recommended upper level of intake of 1000 mcg/day of folic acid because if there is a concurrent untreated vitamin B12 deficiency, irreparable damage to the nervous system can occur.2, 3 If folate deficiency is suspected in a person aged over Each of the vitamins listed below has an important job in the body. The vitamin deficiency symptoms chart provides a condensed reference guide to the functions of vitamins and minerals, deficiency symptoms, and dietary sources. endstream endobj startxref Vitamin Deficiency Symptoms. Vitamins are listed first in alphabetical order, and then minerals. Vitamins - Sources, Benefits and Deficiency Diseases Free static GK e-book. <> h�bbd``b`z Vitamin Name Body Part/Functions . • Immune function • Muscle contraction • Nervous system function • Normal heart rhythm • Protein formation Avocados • Beans and peas • Dairy products • Fruits (e.g., bananas and raisins) • Green leafy vegetables (e.g.,spinach) • Nuts and pumpkin seeds • Potatoes • Whole grains 420 mg Vitamin A deficiency is a major problem when diets consist of starchy staples, which are not good sources of retinol or β-carotene, and when the consumption of deeply colored fruits and vegetables, The tables below list the vitamins, what they do in the body (their functions), and their sources in food. Vegetarians can meet their vitamin A requirements with sufficient intakes of deeply colored fruits and vegetables, with fortified foods, or both. Folate deficiency is often accompanied by vitamin B12 deficiency. 7.2.3 Miscellaneous functions 131 7.3 Consequences of vitamin C deficiency 131 7.4 Populations at risk for vitamin C deficiency 132 7.5 Dietary sources of vitamin C and limitations to vitamin C supply 134 7.6 Evidence used to derive recommended intakes of vitamin C 135 7.6.1 Adults 135 7.6.2 Pregnant and lactating women 137 7.6.3 Children 137 B vitamins are a group of eight related nutrients. The body needs water-soluble vitamins in frequent, small doses. %PDF-1.5 Vitamins and their functions Pdf Vitamin A. Vitamin C rich foods also play a key role i… A. Retinol, retinal, and 4 carotenoids (e.g. VITAL VITAMIN CHART Nutrient Food Sources Functions Deficiency Signs Signs of Excess Notes Vitamin A (Retinol) RDA: M: 900 μg F: 700 μg Cod liver oil and other fish liver oils, liver, egg yolk, full cream dairy, yellow and dark green vegetables. Water-soluble vitamins. vi FAO/WHO expert consultation on human vitamin and mineral requirements Chapter 5 Vitamin B12 65 Role of vitamin B12 in human metabolic processes 65 Dietary sources and availability 65 Absorption 65 Populations at risk for and consequences of vitamin B12 deficiency 66 Vitamin B12 interaction with folate or folic acid 67 Assessment of vitamin B12 status 68 46 0 obj <>/Filter/FlateDecode/ID[<9B88523E5E9B744F8368597A67788B7D><3E5629E64C3E2344A39CF6400896480A>]/Index[25 40]/Info 24 0 R/Length 98/Prev 87875/Root 26 0 R/Size 65/Type/XRef/W[1 2 1]>>stream Vitamin deficiency may cause some diseases and overdose also causes diseases. These are called primary metabolites. %PDF-1.6 %���� Water-soluble vitamins. There are two varieties of vitamins, their disparities, functioning; structure, sources and deficiency diseases are mentioned below in this present article. measles morbidity) Hypervitaminosis A (birth defects, liver toxicity, angular cheilitis, hair loss, ICH) B: 1: Vitamins And Their Functions Sources And Deficiency Chart. Vitamin Deficiency & Overdose Chart: Vitamin Chemical Names Deficiency disease Overdose disease . Recommended amounts of different types of vitamins may be expressed in milligrams (mg), micrograms (mcg), or international units (IU), depending on the nutrient. Studies also suggest a link between lack of vitamin D in early life with later onset of type 1 diabetes. Other vitamin deficiency symptoms may include :: ... Major Food Sources Riboflavin (Vitamin B2) Essential for growth; plays enzymatic role in tissue respira Vitamin B6 (Pyridoxine) Maintaining healthy metabolism, skin health, the functioning of the nervous system, etc Vitamin B12 (Cobalamine) However, when one analyses plant, fungal and microbial cells, one would see thousands of compounds other than these called primary metabolites, e.g. 1 0 obj Given below is the list of vitamins and their deficiency diseases: Vitamin A – Hardening of the cornea in eye, night blindness. They are needed in very small (micro) but specific amounts, but they are essential for our health and well-being. Fat-soluble vitamins -- A, D, E and K -- dissolve in fat and can be stored in the body. Source and function. Vitamin B6 (Pyridoxine) Maintaining healthy metabolism, skin health, the functioning of the nervous system, etc Vitamin B12 (Cobalamine) May 16, 2020 - vitamins and their functions sources and deficiency chart in hindi pdf, Vitamins Function, deficiency symptoms, diseases chart, list of vitamins & minerals Vitamin D deficiency has been shown to impair proper function of insulin- producing cells possibly leading to type 2 diabetes. The tables below list the vitamins, what they do in the body (their functions), and their sources in food. greater risk of also having a vitamin B12 deficiency. 7.2.3 Miscellaneous functions 131 7.3 Consequences of vitamin C deficiency 131 7.4 Populations at risk for vitamin C deficiency 132 7.5 Dietary sources of vitamin C and limitations to vitamin C supply 134 7.6 Evidence used to derive recommended intakes of vitamin C 135 7.6.1 Adults 135 7.6.2 Pregnant and lactating women 137 7.6.3 Children 137 This article takes a close look at all of the B vitamins, including their functions, sources, and deficiency symptoms. ?��hyS->�F����y��3�(�i�}H�VL�c�����C�o��u�/^��%I�� �lI��~�����M�h�$Y�+����/I�G��h��ٯ����� ��ayC��9W��_��8}����m+l^����3�� ��?��^ÿ�{�� �lqz�+opi�|]o�-̧ k�U)ƞjXa�_ .��9���/�-ȯa6���!��}�����ϩ�[�}x�]~{��ϒ���$��� �?���|��ODIR�Uz���LX�|���!��� Vitamins : Classification, Functions and Deficiency Symptoms The word ‘vitamin’ (Latin, vita, life+ amine) is derived from the original word “vitamine”, coined by Casimir Funk i n 1912. 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