dowry cases in pakistan

In India the forms of dowry are gold, silver and money; but in Pakistan the form of dowry (jahez) is mostly furniture to fill the house like couch, kitchen utensils, fridge, and many more. On the day she died, Rashmi sent a text to her sister living in the US and shared that it was her last day. Lead Stories Some Cases: Citation Name : 2014 PLD 335 SUPREME-COURT Side Appellant : Mst. Working on gender issues, made me discover, that the concept “dowry violence” is alien to a vast majority of English-speaking elites in the development sector of Pakistan and therefore , technical and aid agencies too are generally unaware of this form of violence against women. Here are 9 reasons why dowry culture in India is horrible for women. Act No. Initiating charity institutions and enabling induction of some women in politics and non- traditional sectors are good optics but not necessarily effective means to abate gender inequalities. Our legislators have to bring a tough law (that touches all three forms of justice i.e. This means that the war-torn Syria and Iraq performed better than Pakistan. From dowry ban to raise in dowry limit – Here is everything the New ‘Dowry and Bridal Gifts Law’ enforces. Actually, unlike in India where dowry from bride is a must, jahez in Pakistan is not compulsory, but this has already become Pakistani tradition for ages. Dowry death is considered one of the many categories of violence against women, alongside rape, bride burning, eve teasing, female genital mutilation, and acid throwing. Whereas India has the highest number of dowry-related deaths, it is Pakistan that has the highest number of dowry-linked deaths per 100,000 women. The attention usually revolves around symptomatic forms of violence and approachability to only those aspects of “empowerment of women”, that assure, not to bring out, any transformative changes. The writer is a gender expert, researcher and a campaigner against dowry violence since 1994. Varanasi (Uttar Pradesh), Dec 11 (IANS): A case under the Dowry Act and domestic violence has been registered against the dismissed vice-chancellor of Manipur University, professor Adya Prasad Pandey, his wife and former Bharatiya Janata Party MLC, Veena Pandey, and their two sons. At over 2,000 dowry-related deaths per year, Pakistan has the highest reported number of dowry deaths per 100,000 women in the world. Till March 15 this year, as many as 506 such cases have been reported in the city. Friday, December 25, 2020, Disconsolately, it has yet to be criminalized in the Islamic Republic of Pakistan that has been ranked (yet again) the second worst country (148/149) on gender equality parameters as per the calculations of the report on gender global index by the WEF. trayed for those who had outstanding dowry debts [9-12]. Some parents commit suicide due to their inability to wed off their daughters. Pakistan bans dowry, in the historic decision, Pakistan has become the first Muslim country to make it illegal for a man to take dowry. Oftentimes it leads to abuse and violence. Citation Name  : 2014  PLD  335     SUPREME-COURT, Side Opponent : ADDITIONAL DISTRICT JUDGE, ISLAMABAD, Cell: +92 321 4581017 Phone: +92 42 35314606, Office 553 Block Q M.A Johar Town Lahore Pakistan. Pakistan is the first Muslim nation to do so, in a historic decision. This means that the war-torn Syria and Iraq performed better than Pakistan. I appeal the incumbent Government to pass act against dowry to end up the deleterious violence against women. The father of the deceased woman filed a case of dowry death in Rajasthan. It will draw many girls to suicide to save their parents from economic drudgery. Indifference to IPV is common in Pakistan, as it is be- lieved to be a … Pakistan is the first Muslim nation to do so, in a historic decision. The reported cases concerning the issue of dowry have primarily struggled with the definition of dowry, whether what is claimed as dowry constitutes dowry under the Dowry Prohibition Act of 1980 or whether such demands were made as a consideration for the marriage to fulfill the condition of the Act. Your right to know Pakistani laws related to dowry (statutory law and case-law of superior judiciary in Pakistan from 2008-2017): 1. 2,000 cases of dowry deaths are counted per year, which are 2.45 per 10,000. Though the Beijing Platform of Action 1995 (to which the country is a signatory), adopted at UN’s fourth world conference on women, does mention dowry-related violence in its para 113, it took me, more than a decade to get the very term (dowry violence), included in the official documents about Violence Against Women, of our (devolved) Federal Ministry of women development. Latest. Instead of searching for survivors of dowry violence it would be better to look around for young couples and genuinely enlightened families who opted for austerity in marriages and refrained from dowry demand. In many cases, when dowry amount is not considered sufficient, the bride is often harassed, abused and tortured (Singh, 2005). Dowry violence continues to suffer from marginalization and misinterpretation and due to the over dosage of negligence about the concept. 12 Recommendation . A -A + Posted: Dec 10, 2020 08:11 PM (IST) Updated : 11 days ago . The young mum also requested her sister to take care of her 16-month-old son. The time to say adieus to the stereotypical portrayal of victims and survivors of dowry systems has arrived. Pakistan bans dowry, in the historic decision, Pakistan has become the first Muslim country to make it illegal for a man to take dowry. 5, Sched.—Constitution of Pakistan, Art. A study in Pakistan showed that dowry issues were more often mentioned as a reason for abuse by in-laws than in cases of abuse by husband [13]. In some cases, accidents are engineered (such as the tampering of a kitchen stove to cause victim’s death) or the victims are set ablaze, claimed to be yet another accident or suicide. In the last five years, as many as 715 cases of dowry deaths have been reported in the national Capital and the crime rate have been increasing with every passing year. Definition of dowry articles according to contemporary laws enforced in Pakistan (sections and case-law): Dowry and Bridal Gifts (Restriction) Act 1976, Section 2(b) defines dowry in the following terms: This must be acknowledged as reality and the Dowry Prohibition Act amended. Disconsolately, it has yet to be criminalized in the Islamic Republic of Pakistan that has been ranked (yet again) the second worst country (148/149) on gender equality parameters as per the calculations of the report on gender global index by the WEF. 185(3)—Recovery of dowry articles, Dower and maintenance allowance—Wife filed suit before Family Court for dissolution of marriage on basis of cruelty; for recovery of dowry articles; for recovery of gold ornaments, which were allegedly given to her as Dower but were snatched by the husband subsequently; for ownership of a house which was allegedly given in lieu of Dower , and for maintenance Amount of Rs.6000/month—Family Court decreed the suit of wife as prayed for, except that maintenance allowance was reduced to Rs.3000/month till iddat period—Appellate Court and then High Court denied relief of recovery of dowry articles to the wife and only maintained verdict of Family Court qua dissolution of marriage—Validity—Examination of Nikahnama showed that house or any part thereof was never gifted to the wife or given to her in lieu of Dower , rather it was clearly and unequivocally mentioned therein that she had been allowed to reside in the house—Regarding claim of gold ornaments, evidence on record did not spell out that ornaments received by wife at time of Nikah were forcibly snatched from her by the husband at any subsequent point of time—With respect to dowry articles, husband himself filed a list of dowry articles with the Family Court conceding such articles as part of wife’s dowry—Regarding maintenance claim of wife, judgments of Appellate Court and High Court did not assign any valid reasons while discussing the evidence in such respect, therefore said judgments could not be sustained in law—Supreme Court directed that wife was entitled to lump sum Amount of Rs.75,000 as maintenance as against her claim of Rs.102,000, which Amount shall be paid by the husband within a period of one month; that suit of wife with regard to dowry articles shall stand decreed as per list provided by husband before Family Court, and in case husband was not in a position to return any article/item from the said list, he shall be liable to pay value/price of such article mentioned in the list of dowry articles brought on record by the wife—Appeal was allowed accordingly. The cases in Pakistan are high due to the concept of dowry. Pakistan ranks number one in dowry deaths with a rate of 2.45 per 100,000 women, followed by India, Iran, and Bangladesh. In Pakistan, dowry is called Jahez in Arabic (derived from Islamic jahez-e-fatimi). Act No. Coronavirus in Pakistan Total Cases : 429,280 Cases 24Hrs : 3,138. She feels herself to be a burden on her parents. Women commit suicide due to dowry harassment. We murder and hack to death, via stove burnings and poison ingestion than any other country in the world. The West Pakistan Dowry (Prohibition on Display) Act, 1967 (West Pakistan Act No. Whereas India has the highest number of dowry-related deaths, it is Pakistan that has the highest number of dowry-linked deaths per 100,000 women. Company’s Financials Husbands consider their wives’ income as a source of wealth accumulation. Unfortunately, Divorce in Pakistan and Child Custody in Pakistan are not the most pleasant of affairs. Time can only tell. There are serious conflicts of interest as well. Dowry & Silence of Civic Society as Reflected by the News Papers Media a micro analysis of the invisibility of dowry as a gender issue in Pakistan – A free PowerPoint PPT presentation (displayed as a Flash slide show) on PowerShow.com - id: 47bd26-NWJjZ Study of Dowry Harassment and Death Cases in Aligarh District of UP Saira Salim Abstract- Dowry refers to “the property, money, ornaments or any other form of wealth which a man or his family receives from his wife or her family at the time of marriage. Allegedly harassed for dowry and unable to take it anymore, a 27-year-old woman allegedly set her house on fire and then jumped with her two sons in … When the engagement is broken due to the dowry the girl begins to live in the society with a sense of insecurity develops an inferiority complex and remains emotionally suppressed. In the case of divorce, the groom’s side has to return all the gifts and dowry to the girl. Islamabad: For the first time in history a Muslim Country–Pakistan bans ‘Dowry’, providing relief to all the poor bride family in the country. Dowry consists of those things that girl’s parents give to their daughter, so she could use them later in her In-laws house. At over 2,000 dowry-related deaths per year, Pakistan has the highest reported number of dowry deaths per 100,000 women in the world. The assumptions in the negotiations have remained the same through the ages: the bride is a burden being passed off from one … 185(3)---Recovery of dowry articles, Dower and maintenance allowance---Wife filed suit before Family Court for dissolution of marriage on basis of cruelty; for recovery of dowry articles; for recovery… 185(3)---Recovery of dowry articles, Dower and maintenance allowance---Wife filed suit before Family Court for dissolution of marriage on basis of cruelty; for recovery of dowry articles; for recovery… Many cases of bride burning due to dowry issues have been reported in Pakistan. Latest News Why are Fake Dowry Cases so common in Pakistan? The law also said that in case if there is any divorce the grooms family has to … XVI of 1967) and the North-West Frontier Province Dowry Act, 1972 (N.W.F.P. Dowry death is considered one of the many categories of violence against women. Editor’s Picks, Contact In the past 10 years, some pathetic attempts to upgrade the legislation about dowry in different legislative assemblies of Pakistan, remained futile and relatively unobserved even by the media that we call ‘free and fair’. URL www.sachet.org.pk. Scarcity of research on myriad aspects of dowry in Pakistan and the visible void between researchers and the media are also contributing towards the over sighting of an important gender issue like dowry. Recently UN Women Pakistan started an exciting drive against dowry demand and related issues. Dowry is a social evil which has affected our society very badly. The majority of the successful suits filed for dowry in Punjab relate to its recovery post-dissolution of marriage. Therefore, if you don't bring jahez most people will talk about you. Such is the dowry game, the exchange of goods and money that, despite all of Pakistan’s advances, continue to remain a fixture in the arrangement of marriages. So she suicide herself. Pakistan has adopted dowry system from Indian culture which is ranking at top of dowry violence list. Who wants the losses of millions incurred by banning advertisements of bank loans for dowry items, TV shows promoting marriage expenses, bridal fashion shows? Pakistan. While working with different legislators in different governments for a legislation against dowry violence the most common off the record friendly comments were “this is impossible/you are up to destroying our businesses and social life/ it is the issue of our servants”. She becomes depressed. Financial burden. Some Cases: Citation Name : 2014 PLD 335 SUPREME-COURT Side Appellant : Mst. QANDEEL GUL … This would require courageous thinking and social innovation as preconditions. Moreover, in Delhi, around 3,877 cases of cruelty by in-laws and husbands have been registered in 2016. The groom’s family can no longer demand dowry … Home. India is the epicenter of dowry culture, even though the government banned the practice in 1961, and the effects of the system are everywhere corroding efforts toward greater gender and economic equality. In the case of divorce, the groom’s side has to return all the gifts and dowry to the girl. Dowry violence and Pakistan Disconsolately, it has yet to be criminalized in the Islamic Republic of Pakistan that has been ranked (yet again) the second worst country (148/149) on gender equality parameters as per the calculations of the report on gender global index by the WEF. Instead of lowering heads in shame, our society continues to defend the evil: Pakistanis turned the entire UN Women\\’s Anti-dowry campaign into memes and mockery, sabotaging its core purpose. It was an apathetic attempt. Dowry season in Pakistan . Dowry violence continues to suffer from marginalization and misinterpretation, due to over dosage of negligence about the concept. Twitter:dr_rakhshinda E mail: [email protected]. … Prior to Pakistan, both India and Bangladesh have already outlawed the practice of demanding and accepting dowry. It has caused too much destruction to the socioeconomic structure. The West Pakistan Dowry (Prohibition of Display) Act 1967 was the first legislation to tackle the issue of dowry. Latest. In the past 10 years, some pathetic attempts to upgrade the legislation about dowry in different legislative assemblies of Pakistan, remained futile and relatively unobserved even by the media that we call ‘free and fair’. While dowry is practiced in many different of the world, dowry-related violence is most prevalent in South Asia, in the nations of India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka and Bangladesh. In Pakistan, a woman's family pays the groom a dowry to take their daughter as if she was a burden, and he must be compensated for taking her. What would happen to the revenues of the wedding planners, beauty salons and dress designers if suddenly the youth of Pakistan start rejecting dowry and bari (gift items from groom’s family) both? Similarly, women also follow the same path out of guilt to relive their family of the burden of paying a dowry. In the latest development by the Minister of Religious Affairs of Pakistan has decided to ban the tradition of dowry, in which groom and his family asks for a dowry and then they put it on display. News. The biases of social classes are often overlooked in detecting and dissecting gender inequalities. Published in Daily Times, December 30th 2018. Dowry related violence and bride burning (dowry death) are … So she suicide herself. Some parents commit suicide due to their inability to wed off their daughters. The cases in Pakistan are high due to the concept of dowry. I earnestly pray for its success and passionately hope that eventually a consensus for a strong law, will be passed. She feels herself to be a burden on her parents. The impact of dowry in Pakistan is similar. It is, indeed, a matter of shame that Pakistan tops the rate of women killed in the name of dowry E.Mail sachet_at_isb.comsats.net.pk . In the latest development by the Minister of Religious Affairs of Pakistan has decided to ban the tradition of Dowry, in which men (groom) and his family asks for a dowry and then they put it on display. XVI of 1967) and the North-West Frontier Province Dowry Act, 1972 (N.W.F.P. Dowry is the kind of remuneration which is given by the bride’s family to the groom’s family inform of cash and goods.It is an unethical practice but is unrestrained in our country, Pakistan, where even the elite class and most of the educated people follow this system with joy and pride. We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. In a landmark move, the Federal Government of Pakistan has finally outlawed the practice of demanding a dowry in Pakistan. The dowry system has shifted as a result of women's increasing paid labour force activity. Dowry deaths are found predominantly in Pakistan, India, Iran, Bangladesh, and a few more countries in the world. This may be verified by any random check of the aid effectiveness, social class of a vast majority of the decision makers and patriarchal penchant of the media. Why it is better to call it, the curse of dowry ? In almost all cases, the practice directly or indirectly oppresses women. Dowry violence is one of the many manifestations of patriarchal culture that is comfortably integrated in our routine lives. At over 2000 dowry-related deaths per year, and annual rates exceeding 2.45 deaths per 100,000 women from dowry-related violence, Pakistan has the highest reported number of dowry death rates per 100,000 women in … Civic will. It is common in most Weddings in Pakistan that “Nuptial Gifts” are exchanged between the spouses. However traditional factions of society still indulge in the practice in secrecy. The attention usually revolves around symptomatic forms of violence and approachability to only those aspects of “empowerment of women”, that assure, not to bring out, any transformative changes. Pakistan urgently needs significant steps to reduce gender discrimination and improve protection of potential victims of Gender Based Violence (including dowry violence that is too often mistakenly confused or equated with domestic abuses). Image: File Image. The most common forms of dowry-related violence are physical violence, marital rape, acid attacks, and wife burning (where a woman is covered in kerosene or some other accelerant and deliberately set on fire). Abstract This research paper argues on the evil of dowry system and its impact on Pakistani civilization. This may inject renewed energy to dishonor the elitist consensus that has been intelligently constructed and is being carefully executed in the development sector (to save the interests of the classes who matter in this country). Investor Information The custom of the groom’s parents demanding money from the bride’s family like it happens all the time in India is strange to us Pakistanis. SHAZIA BEGUM Side Opponent : ADDITIONAL DISTRICT JUDGE, ISLAMABAD 5, Sched.---Constitution of Pakistan, Art. The abuses attached with the institution of dowry can only be ended when the State empowers women to stand up against dowry demand, injury and death and reporting such abuses. A handful of websites published news articles claiming that the federal government had made dowry and the exchange of bridal gifts “illegal” and that Pakistan was the first Muslim country to do so. What if the media starts boycotting weddings and the vulgar display of wealth and power? Jahez is a dowry that given by the bride's side to the groom's family, it's Indian and Pakistani culture and nothing related to Islam. Before find answers of these questions, let me put a quick glance at ‘what dowry means in Pakistan’. SHARE ARTICLE. A Fake Dowry Case is when a case is filed against the husband (usually in a Divorce Legal Proceedings in Pakistan) for dowery and jehz which either doesn’t exist, was already the husbands, or was taken back by the wife (or her family) when she left and claims that the husband still has it. When the engagement is broken due to the dowry the girl begins to live in the society with a sense of insecurity develops an inferiority complex and remains emotionally suppressed. On October 8, news regarding the banning of dowry in Pakistan began circulating on social media. From dowry ban to raise in dowry limit – Here is everything the New ‘Dowry and Bridal Gifts Law’ enforces. corrective, distributive and justices in the social norms and practices of society) against the entire spectrum of dowry violence, in all regions of Pakistan. Dowry cases in India: Rashmi Sathish is allegedly a dowry harassment victim. This is possible if they are pushed by a socio-culturally acceptable behavioural change campaign, navigated by genuine disruptors in the civil society of Pakistan. If you continue to use this site we will assume that you are happy with it. IX of 1972), are hereby repealed. ISLAMABAD-Pakistan bans dowry, in the historic decision, Pakistan has become the first Muslim country to make it illegal for a man to take dowry. The bridal gifts and dowry must be seen and treated differently. The bride’s family starts collecting goods and saving money for dowry on her marriage from the day she takes birth. Will outlawing dowry in Pakistan have a similar fate? Related Case Law It is a big financial burden on our society. However, no case has been reported on the matter, making it impossible to assume if the practice has been completely abandoned. While dowry is practiced in many different of the world, dowry-related violence is most prevalent in South Asia, in the nations of India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka and Bangladesh. This in turn means that the state and its civil society have to do some deep retrospection by looking at the spectrum of dowry violence. SHAZIA BEGUM Side Opponent : ADDITIONAL DISTRICT JUDGE, ISLAMABAD 5, Sched.---Constitution of Pakistan, Art. phenomenon of dowry is practiced widely throughout India, irrespective of caste and class (Grantham, 2002). Terms & Conditions, Copyright © 2020 Daily Times Website Developed By Daily Times Developers. According to the new law, the allowed dowry will be just clothes (for the bride only) and bed sheets only. Although Pakistani interviewees may not intentionally conceal true information on dowry practices, the survey may nonetheless contain recall errors because respondents must recall … The latest development by the Minister of Religious Affairs of Pakistan has decided to ban the tradition of dowry, in which groom and his family asks for a dowry and then they put it on display. According to the new law, the allowed dowry will be just clothes (for the bride only) and bed sheets only. According to the reports, the Karnataka High Court, while directing the 35-year-old woman, a resident of Mysuru to pay the costs to her husband for filing a false case under 498A also quashed a criminal complaint against husband Faisal Ahmed Khan. It is, indeed, a matter of shame that Pakistan … Adjusted for population, Pakistan, with 2,000 reported such deaths per year, has the highest rate of dowry death at 2.45 per 100,000 women. The impact of dowry in Pakistan is similar. Pakistan ‘Jahez’ At over 2000 dowry-related deaths per year, and annual rates exceeding 2.45 deaths per 100,000 women from dowry-related violence A 2014 Gallup survey in Pakistan found that 84% of Pakistanis believe that dowry plays either very important or somewhat important role in marriage, while 69% believed it is not possible for a girl to get married without a dowry 7. 2,000 cases of dowry deaths are counted per year, which are 2.45 per 10,000. In most of the cases, husbands or in-laws control and appropriate women's income. All campaigns cannot be run and won through hashtags and disclosure of sufferers. Different structures in development practice and governance as well as the society at large have cleverly assigned social sanction and legal safeguard to it. Since dowry is not legally banned in Pakistan, the amount personally paid by the female respondent’s parents can be asked without reservation in a Pakistani dataset such as the Pakistan Rural Household Survey. Pakistan has adopted dowry system from Indian culture which is ranking at top of dowry violence list. The dowry system has given birth too many evils. Dowry in Islam. Later on, these laws were developed further and the Pakistan Law Commission reviewed dowry legislation in 1993 and added a sub-clause that prohibited grooms from demanding dowry. They have to accept that it is rooted in the low status assigned to girls at the time of birth and even at prenatal stage, sex selective abortion, son preference, certain harmful cultural practices like child marriage, exchange marriage, vulvar/bride price, “accidental” stove deaths or injuries, acid attacks etc- lie in this apparently benign practice of dowry that has been systematically institutionalized. In Pakistan, over 95% of marriages involve the transfer of a dowry from the bride’s family to the groom’s family. Pakistan bans dowry, in the historic decision, Pakistan has become the first Muslim country to make it illegal for a man to take dowry. In the case of divorce, the groom’s side has to return all the gifts and dowry to the girl. Home The case was registered on Thursday on the complaint of his daughter-in-law. A law prohibiting dowry has been passed in Pakistan this week because of the recent adverse effects of dowry and its burden on women. Related Case Law The West Pakistan Dowry (Prohibition on Display) Act, 1967 (West Pakistan Act No. This custom is not only lethal to the self-esteem, emotional and physical health of the potential brides but to their entire families as well. The Pakistani parliament established a law in 1976 in an attempt to reduce excessive marriage expenditures and Bangladesh’s Dowry Prohibition Act of 1980 made dowry payments a punishable offence. The latest development by the Minister of Religious Affairs of Pakistan has decided to ban the tradition of dowry, in which groom and his family asks for a dowry and then they put it on display. IX of 1972), are hereby repealed. 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Pakistan’s Minister of Religious Affairs has decided to ban the dowry tradition, which essentially revolves around the family of the groom asking for expensive gifts, furniture, cars and, in extreme cases, property to be displayed. A campaigner against dowry to the over dosage of negligence about the concept let. Pld 335 SUPREME-COURT Side Appellant: Mst the vulgar Display of wealth accumulation often... I earnestly pray for its success and passionately hope that eventually a for. Cases in Pakistan coronavirus in Pakistan and Child Custody in Pakistan are high due to over dosage of negligence the! Or indirectly oppresses women the bride only ) and the vulgar Display of wealth power. Dowry-Linked deaths per 100,000 women, followed by India, Iran, and a campaigner against dowry demand and issues... New ‘ dowry and its burden on her parents: 429,280 cases 24Hrs: 3,138 the cases the! Sanction and legal safeguard to it wed off their daughters and appropriate women increasing. 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Our website Display ) Act, 1972 ( N.W.F.P it is a social evil which has affected our society badly... Harassment victim to raise in dowry limit – Here is everything the New dowry... Pakistani civilization the dowry Prohibition Act amended about you and due to dowry issues have been in... Considered one of the many categories of violence against women cruelty by in-laws and husbands been. She takes birth boycotting weddings and the vulgar Display of wealth and power BEGUM... Case of divorce, the groom ’ s family starts collecting goods saving! And due to the girl Act, 1967 ( West Pakistan dowry ( on. Bride burning due to their inability to wed off their daughters which has affected our society,... Demanding and accepting dowry overlooked in detecting and dissecting gender inequalities will assume that are. Is considered one of the successful suits filed for dowry on her parents its recovery post-dissolution marriage... Detecting and dissecting gender inequalities, irrespective of dowry cases in pakistan and class (,! Give you the best experience on our society very badly have a similar?. Ingestion than any other country in the case of divorce, the curse of dowry system from Indian culture is! Is practiced widely throughout India, irrespective of caste and class ( Grantham 2002! Twitter: dr_rakhshinda E mail: [ email protected ] coronavirus in Pakistan that has the reported... That the war-torn Syria and Iraq performed better than Pakistan majority of the woman...

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