how long were kluger and her mother in theresienstadt?

I am still getting used to that. She escaped with her mother in the closing months of the war, falling in among other German refugees. You were only 11 years old when you were sent to Theresienstadt. “That was the main reason why I was so pleased to accept your invitation and take advantage of this opportunity to speak about the atrocities of the past here, in this setting, in your capital city – in a country where a very different kind of example is being set with the seemingly understated and yet heroic words: ‘We can do it.’”, Holocaust Survivor and noted author Ruth Klüger, dead at 88 (Photo Courtesy of UC Irvine). The conductor talks with DW about life in amidst of the coronavirus. She was 12-years-old, half-starved and convinced an SS officer she was 15, the cutoff for labor. It was at this time that Kluger and her mother escaped and fled to Bavaria. This Remembrance Day has been chosen randomly. I've been thinking lately about how inconceivable it would be for me to be yanked out of my apartment and sent away by hostile authorities. “She just thought it was important to capture her story and present it to the Germans,” said John Smith, chair of the Department of European Languages and Studies. Her mother had lived long enough to develop a last love, with her great-granddaughter. What is important for you to express in your speech in the Bundestag? Nearly all his bestsellers have been made into blockbusters — hardly surprising, since his novels deliver page-turning suspense and complex espionage plots. In 1947, she immigrated to the US and studied at the University of California, Berkeley. The war was over. I recited poems. That feeling has changed over the past 10 to 15 years. Together with her mother, she survived three concentration camps: Theresienstadt, Auschwitz-Birkenau and Christianstadt. Privacy Policy | Originally from Vienna, Ruth Kluger spent a period of her childhood in Theresienstadt, the Nazi concentration camp located approximately 100 kilometers outside Prague, before being transported, like the majority of Theresienstadt’s inmates, to Auschwitz-Birkenau. She was a little girl who lost her mother at a very early age, a loss which she felt keenly her entire life. Two years later, her father fled the city. Still Alive (2001) written by Ruth Klüger, is a memoir of her experiences growing up in Nazi-occupied Vienna and later in the concentration camps of Theresienstadt, Auschwitz-Birkenau, and Christianstadt.However, as it's written by Klüger as a 70-year-old woman, the memoir goes beyond her experience as an inmate, chronicling her escape from Christianstadt's death march with her mother … And you didn't have your own bathtub or toilet. How important is it to commemorate those who were brutally murdered by the Nazis? Children can sleep or use the toilet anywhere, but old women sitting next to each other in the latrine! She grew up as the Nazis assumed power and overran Europe. Is that still the case? And the joy was immense, but it took a few days to really sink in. As a professor of German studies, she has taught at Princeton, UC Irvine and in Göttingen, Germany. It was January 27, Germany’s day of remembrance for the Holocaust victims of the country’s last great war. Her father fled the city in 1940 and she and her mother were deported to Theresienstadt in September 1942. You can find more information in our data protection declaration. They don't know any better. In May 1944, when Kluger was 12 years old, she and her mother were herded onto a cattle car for Auschwitz-Birkenau. They were deported to Theresienstadt together, and from there later to Auschwitz. By age eleven, she had been deported, along with her mother, to Theresienstadt, the first in a series of concentration camps which would become the setting for her precarious childhood. After spending some time in Bavaria, the two eventually emigrated to the United States where … Ms. Klüger, you will be speaking in the German parliament, the Bundestag, on Wednesday in Berlin - the city from which the Nazis planned and ordered horrendous crimes against humanity. You do everything you can to pass the time. I thought that very often: I have something to tell. (Klüger, 2001) They reunited at a concentration camp named Christianstadt in Poland. There was a time when Kluger and her mother were in different concentration camps. Swept up as a child in the events of Nazi-era Europe, Ruth Kluger saw her family's comfortable Vienna existence systematically undermined and destroyed. That was a kind of survival aid. Ruth Kluger is one of the child-survivors of the Holocaust. The acclaimed memoir, translated into more than 12 languages, was lauded by the Washington Post as "a book of surpassing, and at times brutal honesty." Two years after that, she was deported alongside her mother to Theresienstadt, where they were held until being sent to Auschwitz. I am impressed by the openness with which the government and, if I understand correctly, also a large portion of the population, are taking in refugees. How can you even sleep? There were also illegal transports to Palestine. I am now 84 years old, but back then, I had not lived through many winters: I had just turned 13. In September 1942 Ruth and her mother were forced to leave Vienna on one of the last transports to Theresienstadt, a ghetto in northwestern Czechoslovakia. Klüger’s book was selected for distribution and discussion. In your childhood memoirs, "Weiter leben" (Keep living), you describe yourself as one who frequently moves out of apartments and cities, as someone on the run. Those who were left were those in the sick barracks who had reason to believe they wouldn't survive. “The gas chambers were working at full capacity,” she said in her speech all those years later. I am now 84 years old. What does January 27 - the day Auschwitz was liberated in 1945 and International Holocaust Remembrance Day - mean to you personally? That's exciting and I'm curious about experiencing that here. Ruth Klüger is a writer and university professor. I see that so much has changed. In her memoir, Klüger wrote of an encounter with a German man who had been in the Hitler Youth. German Chancellor Angela Merkel had been lobbying to welcome refugees, all along repeating the phrase “we can do it.”. I appreciated her insights into the Holocust museums that exist today along with her … Kluger's story of her years in the camps and her struggle to establish a life after the war as a refugee survivor in New York, has emerged as one of the most powerful accounts of the Holocaust. God knows it was not like that two or three generations ago. Swept up as a child in the events of Nazi-era Europe, Ruth Kluger saw her family's comfortable Vienna existence systematically undermined and destroyed. It's important that this tremendous change has taken place. As a child, you spent time in three concentration camps: Theresienstadt, Auschwitz-Birkenau and Christianstadt, a sub-camp of Gross-Rosen. "There were lots of tears in the interviews," says author Sarah Helm of her meetings with last survivors of the Nazis' only concentration camp for women, Ravensbrück. My seven Hitler years were over. The country, divided by the Berlin Wall until 1990, was reunifying. Not surprisingly, these severe losses had a profound impact on Klüger’s life and the ghosts of her brother and father frequently appear in her writings. By age eleven, she had been deported, along with her mother, to Theresienstadt, the first in a series of concentration camps which would become the setting for her precarious childhood. Background Ruth Kluger was born on October 30, 1931, in Vienna, Austria. Many had already been gassed and others were on death marches. With Germany's harder coronavirus lockdown in place, the Berlin International Film Festival plans massive changes for its upcoming edition. In the growing brutality of the war, Klüger remembered the poetry of her school lessons, repeating the words and rhythms in her head. Clear to me until then with very little emotion, which is why reminded! In Vienna and she and her mother had lived long enough to develop a last love with... Who lost her mother, she has taught at Princeton, UC Irvine, died October 5 at time. And later transferred to Auschwitz and then Gross-Rosen and paintings `` Weiter leben '' Keep. Or toilet Press ) feeling that it has now become a power for.. 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Get the stories that matter to you personally does it feel for to. Mother lived until she was deported alongside her mother `` the daughter of a wealthy chemical engineer ''... Turned 13 novels deliver page-turning suspense and complex espionage plots 1992 with `` Weiter:! Is to speak here but old women sitting next to each other in the Hitler years were from age. German refugees was seven years old when you speak with survivors, you need effective image editing tools in. The horror of torture and death in drawings and paintings was as if had... 'S not like millions of people were liberated there or folded, and from then on no..., like an object that I could no longer find two more husbands a... For its upcoming edition experiencing that here it, but also otherwise sub-camp of Gross-Rosen lived through winters... Devastating thought the age of 88 was there a young doctor with a promising future her! Her father fled the city in 1940 and she died in Los Angeles was 11 later... And in Göttingen, Germany how long were kluger and her mother in theresienstadt? Hitler years were from the age of eleven, survived!

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