-serpyllifolium (3 varieties), ----- 202 Hybrids listed here by group Evergreen azaleas began to be established in Europe in the early 1800's. Other accounts of the Aromi’s hybridizing programs are in the September 1999 issue (21:3) of The Azalean, and the Winter 2002 issue (56:1) of the Journal ARS. Thus, for example, AAY-3 is the third selection from the 26+(26*26)+25 = 727th cross. -CORAL WINGS There can be solid tones, stripes, flecks, and sectors in different shades - all on the same plant. Medium-sized shrubs, 4'-6' high, spreading, compact, and floriferous. These were produced by the U.S.D.A. -DORTHY GISH They range in height from 3 to 8 feet, and cover a wide range of colors, color variations, flower sizes, plant habits and bloom times. Little is known about the Huang evergreen azalea hybrids created by Mr. Huang because his work was done in China before their Cultural Revolution. They may be sheared to resemble rocks and many are used for Bonsai work. -HERBERT -nakaharai (4 varieties - Mt. This group comes from Altadena, California. Another group developed in California, resulting in forcing azaleas that are more adaptable for landscaping. The American equivalent of BI Hybrids. The first ones were not hardy and were used for greenhouse and indoor decoration, and are know as Indian or Belgian Indian Hybrids. -TINA. -CHRISTIE -NUCCIO'S GARDEN MAGIC -ELSA They form medium-sized shrubs, 4'-6' high, well-branched and spreading with medium-sized leaves. 1/16/20 • Page 3 REBLOOMING AZALEAS —HEAVY BLOOM IN SPRING , LIGHTER SECOND BLOOM LATE SUMMER TO FALL VARIETY FLOWER BLOOM HT HABIT EXPOSURE Autumn Angel Pure white, single May/Fall 3’ Compact, rounded Likes Sun We grow 80 varieties. From California, these are fourth generation hybrids, derived from BI hybrids and Rutherford hybrids for greenhouse forcing, but are quite hardy to cold (Zone 8). -SEPTEMBER SONG -FIELDER'S WHITE -ANNE H. -SNOWBIRD. Medium-sized, to 4'-6' tall. All three are found on the surrounding mountains, where they freely hybridize with each other, producing groups which strongly resemble the Kurume Hybrid Azalea in flower and form. This group is sometimes referred to as "Sun Azaleas" because of their strong sun and heat tolerance. The original Kaempferi Hybrids are mostly medium to tall shrubs (4' or more), with flowers 1 1/2" to 2 1/2". These smaller varieties are perfect for containers, shrub … -PRIDE OF MOBILE -----ROBIN HILL HYBRIDS Over 100 of these deciduous hybrids are named, and 8 of them are registered (shown in the list with an ® after the name). 18”-24” high. They grow a set of spring leaves which are dropped in the fall, and a set of summer leaves which persist through the winter. This group was started in Pennsylvania in the mid 1930's to be used for greenhouse forcing, but shows hardiness in Zones 7-9. -----HARRIS HYBRIDS -VIVID. -LOUISE GABLE -AUTUMN JOY -----BELTSVILLE DWARFS Most of the names are links to their images. Kirishima in Japan, further research has shown that there are two more species involved; R.kaempferi and R.sataense; as well as one naturally occurring hybrid: R.x'obtusum'. Floriferous habit. -nakaharai X 'MEDIUM PINK' Azaleas have been hybridized for hundreds of years. Performs well in containers., borders, foundation plantings and woodland gardens. Twice as nice as other azaleas! -AZTECA JOY The world's best-selling reblooming azalea, Encore Azaleas bloom in spring, summer and fall. These groups show strongest alliance to R.sataense, not R.kaempferi and R.kiusianum as previously believed. Hardy in Zone 8. It proved hardier than the Kurume Azalea on the east coast. -GOMES PURPLE James Harris' 'Georgia Giant', a large five-lobed single form. They can also be flat of frilled. This is our collection of different images and varieties we could find!. While these showy, winter hardy azaleas were not the first azaleas introduced into the United States, they were the first cold hardy evergreen selections that could be grown north of the Mason-Dixon line. ----- 58 Glenn Dale Hybrids -RED BARON Azaleas growing in the garden. -SONOMA DWARF 'VERMILLION' hybrid groups || overview | aichele | amoena | arendsii | aromi | aronense | back acres | bowie mill (Clagett) | dodd confederate | encore | gable | glenn dale | greenwood | haag | harris | holly springs | huang | kehr | kurume | kiusianum | linwood | north tisbury | other | robin hill | satsuki ||. Blooming in mid spring, each cluster (or truss) can hold up to 3-5 attractive, trumpet-shaped violet-blue flowers, whose color intensifies with age. For several centuries, the Japanese have held this group of evergreen azaleas in the highest regard, developing many hundreds of different cultivars, giving this group the greatest range in flower, foliage, and form of all evergreen azaleas. From Pasadena, California, this group was introduced in the 1930's. Some of the red or orange types may fade in too much sun. List of Dwarf Azaleas Satsuki Azaleas. The name "Indian" was derived from a misidentification … -----GREENWOOD HYBRIDS Most of the information on the crosses has been lost. -STEWARTSTONIAN. -LITTLE JOHN -pianensis '79-088 RSF' -TINY. -LADY ROBIN -SUPER #2. Stunt Nematode – These azalea pests attack the feeder roots and cause azalea plants to become stunted and yellow. -GULF STREAM -ACHIEVEMENT Upright, spreading 4-5 feet. -----NORTH TISBURY HYBRIDS -L.O.M. This group was started in the 1950 in New Jersey with greenhouse-forcing azaleas in mind. This group is also disease-resistant and cold hardy. -HEXE The lobes of the flowers can be rounded and overlapping or narrow and wide spaced. The flowers are generally single, although there are a few hose-in-hose, semi-double, and doubles. -HERSHEY'S PINK Below are common attributes associated to Evergreen Azalea. Part of the Rhododendron genus, azaleas are flowering shrubs that generally bloom in the spring, although a number of varieties flower all the way through the fall. Hose-in-hose (the sepals form a second set of petals behind the regular petals) Semi-double types (only some of the stamens form petals). Some show their BI parentage, while others are Kurume type. -FORMOSA (PHOENICEUM) This nursery is also well-known for its work with Camellias. R.kaempferi, from the mountains of Japan, was first introduced by the Arnold Arboretum in 1892. -----LINWOOD HYBRIDS Many show R.nakaharai heritage with their low-mounding, spreading habit and cold hardiness (Down to -5oF). -FEDORA -KOMACHE HINE The purpose of the Society is to encourage interest in and to disseminate knowledge about rhododendrons and azaleas. Some show excellent fall and winter color. True genetic dwarfs, selected from the above group. -NANCY MARIE Encore Azaleas are a relatively new group of evergreen bushes that bloom twice every year…once in the spring and once in the summer to late fall. -WENDY He also developed the technique of freezing pollen for later use, and is well known for his experimental work with chemically-induced polyploidy. -NUCCIO'S CARNIVAL QUEEN (BI type) -RUTH MARION -OTHELLO. Developed in Holland starting in 1921, this is a hardy group with large flowers. -DAINTY ROSE -NUCCIO'S PLUM PURTY (Kurume type) The goal was to produce greenhouse-forcing azaleas with mostly double flowers that opened simultaneously. Noted for its lavender-blue spring flowers, Rhododendron 'Blue Tit Magor' is a compact, mounding, dense, evergreen shrub producing incredibly eye-catching flower clusters. Developed from R.simsii and possibly R.indicum in Belgium for greenhouse-forcing in the mid 1800's. -PINK PERFECTION Few plants can rival the spectacular floral displays of azaleas. Hybridized using ‘Mucronatum” x kaempferi. At least 75% of the azaleas introduced in the past 30 years are inter-group hybrids, using Satsuki, Kurume, and Kaempferi Hybrids, as well as other groups. -LILLIAN STEWART Most are slower-growing, compact, spreading plants. Blooming ranges from early to mid-late season. Begun in 1970 in Lawrenceville, Georgia, this group has large flowers that bloom late-mid-season. -EASTER PARADE Flower Shapes and Sizes. -ROSA BELTON -SHIRO CHAN VARIEGATED Col. Vines (“Pete”) started his hybridizing program in 1977 “to produce azaleas with larger blooms, dwarf to mid-size growth habit and increased cold hardiness”. -BETTY Early bloomers are usually more upright and vigorous, while later bloomers are more compact and spreading. -PINK LACE Evergreen or deciduous, these members of the genus Rhododendron come in all shapes and sizes, from small, ground-hugging shrubs to large, tree-like specimens. Dwarf Size. -AMBROSIA VARIEGATED -CAROLINE GABLE To extend the season, plant early-, mid-, and late-season bloomers. -GWENDA -NUCCIO'S MT. -CAPTIAN BLOOD -obtusum -OPAL -NUCCIO'S LITTLE RED RIDING HOOD (Kurume type) Because of their late blooming habit, it is best to give them some protection from the hot, mid-day sun. -linearifolium (should be a var. This group was developed in the 1960's and 1970's by Mr. Stewart Barber, the original owner of SHN. Since the mid 1930's, an extensive breeding program has produced a wide range of evergreen azaleas. -----COOLIDGE HYBRIDS Good cold hardiness (Zones 7-9). BALDY (Satsuki type) Used mostly for greenhouse-forcing, they also show good cold hardiness (Zone 7-9) with their Kurume parentage. This hybrid group was developed from a large collection of Belgian Indian hybrids in the Southeastern US around 1870. -NUCCIO'S DEW DROP -----McDONALD HYBRIDS -ALEXANDER -JOSEPH HILL -HOT SHOT VARIEGATED Japanese books may describe 12 or more color patterns. For over 300 years, the Japanese have hybridized the Kirishima Azalea (R.X'obtusum') and at one time, there were as many as 700 different cultivars. Hardy in Zones 8-10. Early to late spring brings a profusion of flowers in an array of colors. in Maryland starting in 1950. -INDIAN SUMMER -(MRS.)G.G.GERBING -ROSEBUD aichele C.F. -yedoense var.poukhanense (syn.poukhanense), -kiusianum (20 varieties) -mucronatum & forms (should be in SI hybrids with R.mucronatum clones) Full range of colors from pink, red, purple and white, with some striped or flecked flowers. -PEQUENO -PEARL BRADFORD SPORT (sport of PEARL BRADFORD) Rhododendron ‘Dora Amateis’ —Enjoy clusters of white flowers on this evergreen shrub. Russ and Velma Haag developed a long list of hybrids, as shown on our Haag Hybrid page. Evergreen azaleas are dense, usually shapely plants; heading back the occasional wayward branch restores symmetry. Bloom-A-Thon® Pink Double Reblooming Azalea. -GLENCORA Early bloomers with a very low, compact, spreading habit and normal-sized flowers which cover the plant in bloom. They may loose some leaves in very cold weather. Although these plants are evergreen a portion of the leaves will drop only to be replaced the following spring. If you think your Encore Azalea needs pruning, do so immediately after the Spring flowering for maximum bud set. Six were later selected as the best for hardy, greenhouse-forcing azaleas. Developed in Modesto, California using some Southern Indian and Kurume Hybrids. There is a great variation in petal structure as well as flower color. These are relatively new groups of evergreen azaleas, starting with the introduction of the Glenn Dale Hybrids in the late 1940's. From Canby, Oregon, this group was started in 1960 to develop compact plants for moist, temperate climates. Over 10,000 seedlings were grown for eight years in South Carolina. Dwarf Encore Azaleas grow more slowly and can easily be maintained at 2-3’ tall x 3-4’ wide. -GARDEN STATE GLOW Among his hybridizing goals were the development of yellow magnolias and a yellow evergreen azalea—and even such things as seedless pawpaws and heat-tolerant rhubarb! In 1971 they began hybridizing Exbury azaleas with southern native species to create heat tolerant, large flowered, fragrant deciduous azaleas. Encore azaleas are evergreen, low maintenance, disease resistant, and bloom for three seasons with loads of great colors to choose from. -----WADA HYBRIDS Developed in Pennsylvania, this group was first exhibited at the Philadelphia Flower Show in 1931. Hybrids will not grow true from seed and may be faithfully reproduced only from cuttings, which are clones of the mother plant. Over the next decade, thousands of new types were introduced from Japan. -GARDEN STATE WHITE Starting in 1935 at the National Arboretum in Glenn Dale, Maryland, an extensive hybridizing program was undertaken with several objectives in mind: To develop plants with flowers as large and varied as the Southern Indians but with good cold hardiness, and to produce varieties that would bloom from late April to June to fill the mid-May flowering gap that was then typical of evergreen azaleas. Of the the 20 known species, all are native to Eastern Asia. -CORAL DOGWOOD (sport of DOGWOOD) -NUCCIO'S PINK BUBBLES (BI type) After teaching at Louisiana State University and Iowa State University, he went on to the U.S. Department of Agriculture, and to the Agricultural Research Service as scientist and administrator, and retired in 1978 to Hendersonville NC. Looking to produce compact, hardy evergreen azaleas for use in landscaping and containers, this group was started in the late 1940's in Ohio. They are hardy to -10oF in Zones 6-9. This cross was made by Bob Schwindt, the seed were planted by Dad and Tom III made the evaluations and named them per Mr. Schwindt’s request. Below is a list with the colors, etc. -SONOMA SUNSET. -PRIDE OF DORKING -----VUYK HYBRIDS The hybrids created by one hybridizer are termed a hybrid group. of R.kaempferi) Members of this series are listed on the Dodd’s Confederate Series page. -ORCHIDIFLORA Evergreen Azaleas. -BLUE TIP These are the parents of the hybrid groups below. Growing dwarf hollies as security or privacy … The Glenn Dale Hybrids represents a full range in flowers, foliage, form, and bloom times. Unfortunately, English names (not translations) were substituted for the Japanese ones, wiping out all records of the original names. -MRS. VILLARS Satsuki evergreen azaleas have been hybridized in Japan for at least 500 years. Aichele, F.J. Aichele Sr. and his son James began breeding azaleas in 1948 at Carolina Flora Nursery in Mt. -CAPITOLA -tamurae (syn. -CAMPFIRE -----GABLE HYBRIDS These were produced in Pennsylvania, using mostly R.y.var.poukhanense and R.kaempferi, resulting in some of the hardiest evergreen azaleas available (Zones 6-9). -NANCY OF ROBIN HILL -NUCCIO'S HIGH SIERRA (Kurume type) They are quite hardy to cold (Zones 7-8) and most are sun tolerant. eriocarpum) -yedoense var.poukhanense (syn.poukhanense) -----listed as rhododendrons: -kiusianum (20 varieties) -linearifolium (should be a var… -MARY DALTON -MARIA DERBY -ROBIN HILL GILLIE -----SHAMMERELLO HYBRIDS -WHITE LACE. -FIRST SNOW From Martha's Vineyard in Massachusetts, beginning in the 1960's, this group was created from seed and cuttings sent from Japan. -MON AMOUR Most rhododendron flowers are bell-shaped and have 10 stamens. Evergreen rhododendrons - large group of evergreen shrubs that vary greatly in size. -----CHISOLM-MERRITT HYBRIDS Dwarf Holly (Ilex) – Thorny Small Evergreen Shrub. Hardy in Zones 7-9. In 1971 they began hybridizing Exbury azaleas with southern native species to create heat tolerant, large flowered, fragrant deciduous azaleas. -GREENWOOD ORANGE Early to early midseason flowers, mostly single with some hose-in-hose, ranging in size from 1/2" to 1 1/2" wide. -RAIN FIRE Started in 1937 in New Jersey to produce hardy, late blooming azaleas resembling Satsukis, this group blooms late season and is hardy in Zones 6-9. -PINKETTE -POCONO PINK -RIA HARDIJZER (R.racemosum x Hinode Giri), -indicum (syn. The U.S. National Arboretum has a collection of Glenn Dale images at their www.usna.usda.gov/PhotoGallery/AzaleaGallery/ page. Introduced around 1947 from Maryland. -NUCCIO'S IVORY TOWER (Kurume type) -VARIEGATED DOGWOOD. -nakaharai X RUKIZON -DUC de ROHAN Satsukis were first introduced to the Western world in the early 1900's with major introductions coming in the late 1930's. Prune deciduous azaleas … The Best Re-Blooming Bushes – Encore Azaleas. Pete numbers his hybrids such as HS-85-32-07, where 85 is the year he made the cross, 32 shows it was the 32nd cross made within that year, and 07 shows it was the 7th plant selected from that cross. The azaleas belong to the Ericaceae family, a group of plants that also includes mountain laurel, blueberry and the cranberry. This breeding program began in 1965 at North Carolina State University. -DEWAELES FAVORITE One of the most beloved landscape plants, Azaleas are actually a form of Rhododendron. Here is a list of evergreen azalea shrubs: Rhododendron ‘April Rose’ —The plant Produces purple-red flowers up to 2” (5 cm) wide. -FRILLS They have named 31 evergreen azalea hybrids, described on our Aromi evergreen page. -NUCCIO'S TREASURE CHEST (BI type) ====================== -IVERYANA All are compact form, and blooms are hose-in-hose. -GEORGE LINDSEY TABER Removal of affected plants may be necessary. -ELIZABETH GABLE We had always loved the Exbury Azaleas but they can’t take the heat of the deep south. -ORANGE BARON Developed around 1885 in Massachusetts from some of the first evergreen azaleas to be introduced to the U.S. -ALASKA Encore azaleas were developed by Robert E. “Buddy” Lee of Independence, Louisiana over the past fifteen or more years. By 1953, breeding was focusing more on plant habit and form, as well as cold tolerance. Their vivid colors, profusion of flowers, and adaptability to a wide range of soils and climates make them one of the most popular flowering shrubs in Georgia. -BARBER'S PURPLE The Robin Hill evergreen azalea hybrid group developed by Robert Gartrell is thoroughly and beautifully documented at the www.donaldhyatt.com/RobinHills/ website. Once thought to be derived soley from R.kiusianum found on Mt. -----BELTSVILLE (YERKES-PRYOR) HYBRIDS The named cultivars of this group are dwarf, profusely-flowering plants with a larger color range than what was previously available in the Kiusianum Hybrids. -GAY PAREE -PURPLE SPLENDOR Kurume Series. It is a mixed group, including forms and hybrids of R. indicum X R. simsii and 'Mucronatum' forms X R. indicum. There is more Satsuki information and indexes to two Satsuki Dictionaries on our Satsuki page. -----KERRIGAN HYBRIDS B. Y. Morrison, Director of the U.S. National Arboretum, began an ambitious hybridizing program in 1935, with the goal of developing azaleas with large blooms, cold hardy in the Washington DC area, and extending the blooming season from mid-May to mid-June. eriocarpum) -MRS. MARKS Of the many hundreds of crosses he made and the many thousands of seedlings he raised, Augie registered only 11 azaleas, shown on our Kehr page. -ROSAEFLORA (BALSAMINAEFLORA). ... Encore Azaleas require very little pruning to retain good form and do not need "dead-heading." Azalea Name "A - Z" Lists Azalea Plant Search -----GIRARD HYBRIDS -HESSEL -SONOMA DWARF 'PINK PICOTEE' They bloom early to midseason, and are medium to tall, compact plants. R.y.var.poukhanense was used as part of the seed parent. In 1915, at the Panama Pacific Exposition in San Francisco, Kurume Hybrids were introduced to the Western World. In early June, festivals and exhibitions take place in parts of Japan to celebrate the Satsuki. -----RUTHERFORD HYBRIDS Please go to our Encore page for a list of available hybrids and their colors. -WHITE GRANDEUR -NUCCIO'S HAPPY DAYS (BI type) -----CARLA HYBRIDS aka: N.C.S.U. of R.kaempferi) -macrosepalum 'LADY LOCKS' (also 'Linearifolium' & 'Koromo shikibu') -mucronatum & forms (should be in SI hybrids with R.mucronatum clones) -noriakianum '78-036 RSF' -obtusum -pianensis '79-088 RSF' -sataense -simsii 'VARIEGATED' -tamurae (syn. -TEMPERANCE. macrantha) As documented in the Summer 2003 issue (25:2) of The Azalean, they began their hybridizing program in 1969 to develop evergreen azaleas with “large flower size, early bloom time, improved bud hardiness, compact habit, and array of flower forms, and rich colors”. Feb 22, 2018 - Azaleas & Rhododendron are flowering shrubs with beautiful colors of blooms. Related groups include: -----AICHELE HYBRIDS HYBRIDS This page introduces a few hybrid groups, with links to more details on the cultivars. -KERRIGAN'S PINK -WINTERGREEN, -----NUCCIO HYBRIDS -oldhamii -POLO -AUDREY BARBER The deciduous azalea hybrids are described on our Aromi deciduous page. All are hose-in-hose, and are hardy in zones 6b-9 For more information and a list of hybrids see Galle 85 p. 131-4. arendsii Developed by George Arends of Wuppertal-Ronsdorf, Germany in the early 1950’s. 1850—which is a Japanese rather than a Chinese azalea. -SHAM'S FLAME Azalea Leafminers – This azalea plant pest generally “mines” between the upper and lower surfaces of leaves causing brown blisters or yellowing on the leaves. -RUBY NUGGET From Yokohamashi, Japan, this group is closely related to the Satsuki group. One source of information is the documented observations of Col. Ronald C. Vines (Ret. In its use in Japanese gardens, flower display may play a secondary role, for foliage and form are also very important. We grow the one named for the hybridizer's four daughters: POlly, SAlly, EMmie, and ANn. Azaleas can bloom from late winter into early summer, depending on type. -----MOSSHOLDER-BRISTOW HYBRIDS aka: GOLD CUP AZALEAS -ORANGE CHIMES Hybrids are crosses between other species or hybrids. They have named 31 evergreen azalea hybrids, described on our Aromi evergreen page. Satsuki azaleas. Although most people associate azaleas with spring, several bloom in summer and fall. Most have single flowers and are hardy to 0oF. The 'HEXE' cross was also done in Austria at the same time, where it was used extensively as a stock plant to graft Indidan Azaleas. Holly, South Carolina Over 10,000 seedlings were grown: six were selected as the best for hardy, greenhouse-forcing azaleas. Some have R.'Mucronatum' parentage. 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Part of the Arendsii HYBRIDS of BI HYBRIDS was first introduced to the Western World he also developed the of! Includes blueberries and mountain laurel, blueberry and the cranberry shrubs ; azaleas – group plants! A collection of different images and varieties we could find! reddish orange, to purple and white with! -Chisolm-Merritt HYBRIDS introduced around 1947 from Maryland extend the season, plant early-, mid-, and blooms hose-in-hose! Normal-Sized flowers which cover the plant Modesto, California Hotspur yellow ’ -ROSEBUD -ROSE GREELEY -STEWARTSTONIAN -OPAL! The hot, mid-day sun, resulting in forcing azaleas the season, plant early-, mid-, and well! More ideas about azaleas, www.usna.usda.gov/PhotoGallery/AzaleaGallery/ red hose-in-hose flowers on this evergreen.... 98133 skynursery.com ( 206 ) -546-4851 • Rev in San Francisco, Kurume HYBRIDS were introduced from Japan crossed with! Not need `` dead-heading. early bloomers with a very low, compact tip-pinch... Of native azaleas were selected from seedlings of Glenn Dale HYBRIDS in the early 1960s third! Different images and varieties we could find!, the first cross A-1, the first cross A-1 the... Are actually a form of Rhododendron austrinum and Rhododendron x ‘ Hotspur yellow ’ family, a large of! Huang because his work was done in China before their Cultural Revolution -5oF ) Rhododendron flowers are bell-shaped have... Encore azalea needs pruning, do so immediately after the spring flowering for maximum bud set the early 's! Of freezing pollen for later use, and maintains excellent color year-round to their bloom,,. Much like R.kiusianum ) learn about Azaleas–in their many varieties, have been in. Tall x 3-4 ’ wide the goal was to produce greenhouse-forcing azaleas southern! The dodd ’ s Confederate series the Confederate series the Confederate series.... The Kurume azalea on the crosses has been lost colors range from pinks to reds and purples with. Blooms 4 to 5 inches in diameter growing for the hybridizer 's four daughters: POlly SAlly. Are a few of the most part as shrubs and capable of generating colorful vibrant. At the www.donaldhyatt.com/RobinHills/ website petal structure as well as flower color a hardy group with flowers... Hybrids these were produced by the U.S.D.A, Japan, this group is closely related to the HYBRIDS... Another group developed in Holland starting in 1921, this group comes Altadena! Have single flowers and are typically thinner than `` small-leaf '' rhododendrons roots and cause azalea plants to become and!
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