cyclone bola wairoa

Wairoa is a town and territorial authority district in New Zealand's North Island. It formed on February 24 to the north of Fiji, and tracking generally southwestward it reached hurricane-force winds near Vanuatu on February 28. On the 30th anniversary of Cyclone Bola more than 300mm of rain was recorded in 24 hours. The cyclone… blow: the bridge linked the two sides of the town and Chapter 8   Memories & Recollections  -  Personal stories and recollections contributed by our Readers. The Table below clearly lays out the daily Rainfall Data during the days of Cyclone Bola in 1988 on the East Coast of the North Island. Both the main State Highway and the rail lines north and south were closed in several places due to slips and water flooding. Chapter 6   Restoration & Construction  -  The planning and contruction of the new High Level Wairoa Bridge. The countryside already sodden started flooding with no where for the water to go. On March 4, Bola transitioned into an extratropical storm, passi… The catchment area is around 3,660 km (1,415 square miles), almost all of it soft Tertiary rocks, and much of it rugged and forested. Chapter 5   Provisional & Interim  -  Alternative transport routes provided to access both Wairoa north and south. This television footage shows flooding that seriously affected the transport routes serving Wairoa. Winds of up to 100 kilometres per hour toppled trees and tore off roofs. $1.2 m ($2,040,000 2008 dollars) of production was lost. as shown in the map below. Bridge washout at Wairoa after Cyclone Bola (NZ Herald/newspix.co.nz) Cyclone Bola, one of the most damaging storms to hit New Zealand, struck Hawke’s Bay and Gisborne–East Cape in March 1988. The damaged crops included 3,000 tonnes of grapes, 1,300 tonnes of squash, 7,000 tonnes of sweet corn, It was badly damaged during the cyclone which enabled the situation to be rectified. It formed on February 24 to the north of Fiji, and tracking generally southwestward it reached hurricane-force winds near Vanuatu on February 28. 2400 m3/s slightly less than 1 in 20 year return period flow Waiau River at Otoi: peak recorded level = 3.879m (cyclone “Bola” level in Mar.1988 = 4.914m) Thick sediment from the ebbing floods smothered pastures, orchards, and crops ready for harvest. Four spans of the then 55-year-old bridge collapsed at 6.25am. In 1990 Wairoa won the last New Zealand Top Town Final in the original Top Town series and were the reigning champs until the series started again in 2009. Te Puia Springs weather station recorded the highest of 419 mm (16.5 in) in a 24 hour period on the 8th of March. ... Wairoa District Council cannot accept any liability for its accuracy or content. [1], Flooding from Cyclone Bola had a devastating effect on horticulture in the East Coast region. In 1988 the road to Waerenga-O-Kuri became the road to nowhere. It was carted three kilometres across the Island down to the landing onto a launch which ferried 20 kilometres across the sea to Waikokopu Wharf. FRASERTOWN. Relocation - 1959 Lighthouse dismantled and transported to Wairoa. All non-text content is subject to specific conditions. Commercial re-use may be allowed on request. Cyclone Bola caused more than $3.5 million ($5,960,000 2008 dollars) worth of damage along a 20-km stretch of coastal South Taranaki. If you wanted to get to town you had to go the long way back through Wairoa … Rain in the headwaters of the Wairoa River caused the biggest headache for the town of Wairoa and its neighbouring farmers in the aftermath of Cyclone Bola. 330 people evacuated. The first bridge was built in 1888 and damaged in the 1931 Hawke’s Bay earthquake. Our thanks to Rupert Wood for such a comprehensive report. In the early hours of Tuesday morning warnings were issued that the Wairoa Bridge was under threat. Chapter 7   Unification & Celebration  -  The Opening of the new Wairoa Bridge and the unity of the Wairoa township. The torrential rain had been falling since 6 March, and continued for three days non-stop. Brenstrum rates Cyclone Bola alongside the most momentous storms to hit New Zealand, in 1868, 1918, 1936 and the Wahine storm of 1968. It also lies on the Palmerston North-Gisborne railway, though passenger services ceased in 1988 following Cyclone Bola. 08 Mar 1988. Cyclone Bola. All the Cyclone Bola Photos below were taken in Wairoa Northern Hawkes Bay by local Wairoa Photographers. The second bridge was opened in 1933 and destroyed by Cyclone Bola in 1988. Not a cyclone dumping up to a metre of rain. The maximum rainfall total over those days attributed to the storm was 917 mm, reported at a station near Tologa Bay. The Wairoa Jaycees Club raised £500 or NZD$21,000 toward funding the reconstruction. It also had a large and lasting effect on the rivers of the area when it deposited a large amount of sediment, as recorded in the sedimentary record of Lake Tutira, south of Wairoa. One 11,000-hectare catchment deposited a million tonnes of sediment into the Waipaoa River. The town lies on both sides of the big Wairoa River, with the main part on the south bank. “I ran to get ahead to get a photo, but it kept up with me. © Crown Copyright. the river banks and inundate the Hawke’s Bay town of Frasertown is a small rural settlement west of Wairoa, with a long history. Floods accompanying Cyclone Bola threatened to overtop The central span of the bridge across the Wairoa River was washed away. The present bridge was opened in February 1990 by Queen Elizabeth II. These two photos have been all I can find so far of the old bridge. A huge landslide at the local quarry blocked the stream causing it to form a five kilometre long lake which ended up being called Lake French. Chapter 4   Isolation & Transitional  -  Initial response to Wairoa's total isolation from the outside world. Finally thank you to all those that have allowed us the use of your photographs. This television footage shows flooding that seriously affected the transport routes serving Wairoa. Chapter 3   Survival & Tragedy  -  The conditions and heartbreak in the first week after Cyclone Bola. The heaviest rainfall totals were recorded in the Gisborne and northern Hawkes Bay regions. The central span of the bridge across the Wairoa River was washed away. These pages only cover the Wairoa area in brief and is as factual as the people contributing can remember. Cyclone Bola was one of the costliest cyclones in the history of New Zealand, causing severe damage as an extratropical cyclone when it passed near the country in March 1988. All photos are the property of Wairoa.net and are not for distribution. Map from 7th March 1988. The above ↑ was taken at a Motorcycle Rally pre 1988 and the below ↓ is the Staff of the ANZ Bank taken in either 1978 or 1979. Te … Welcome to Wairoa, Northern Hawkes Bay. Three days of continuous rainfall led to landslides, mudslides, flooding, and erosion. The roading repair bill from Cyclone Bola totalled $25 million ($42,600,000 2008 dollars). The shape of the catchment is that of a nearly regular triangle with its apex on the coast of Hawkes Bay. One of the worst cyclones to reach New Zealand was Bola, which hit the north and east of the North Island on 7 March 1988. In 1988 the road to Waerenga-O-Kuri became the road to nowhere. The next day it generated peak wind velocities of 195 km/h (120 mph), though it quickly weakened as it accelerated southward. A number of factors combined to make the rain so exceptionally heavy. Those daily rain totals are almost unbelievable and certainly explain why these regions suffered such extreme flooding. Some farmers lost 30% of their grazing area, with landslide scars taking decades to heal. It formed on February 24 to the north of Fiji, and tracking generally southwestward it reached hurricane-force winds near Vanuatu on February 28. 17 Mar 1988. with some locations receiving more than half of their annual rainfall totals from the storm. Cyclone Bola hit the Gisborne district destroying or damaging many farms. OLD WAIROA TOWN & COUNTRY began on October 26th, 2012. The weather system slowed as it moved over the area, bringing torrential rain for … It’s more than 30 years since Cyclone Bola caused flooding in the Nuhaka River, forcing it to create a new channel at the base of a hill. Cyclone Bola Wairoa. Cyclone Bola was one of the costliest cyclones in the history of New Zealand, causing severe damage as an extratropical cyclone when it passed near the country in March 1988. The Gisborne Herald reported that it took just three seconds for Bola to destroy the bridge over the Wairoa River. Cyclone Bola started to form in the Pacific on February 24, 1988, and hammered most of the North Island, but particularly Northland, Bay of Plenty, East Cape and northern Hawke's Bay. Eileen McSaveney, 'Floods - Southland floods and Cyclone Bola', Te Ara - the Encyclopedia of New Zealand, http://www.TeAra.govt.nz/en/photograph/4891/bridge-washout-after-cyclone-bola (accessed 25 December 2020), Story by Eileen McSaveney, published 12 Jun 2006, reviewed & revised 1 Aug 2017. Wairoa River at Marumaru: peak recorded level = 14.587m (cyclone “Bola” level in Mar.1988 = 16.600m) water level rise = approx. ... Brenstrum rates Cyclone Bola … It was a devastating blow to all the farmers. Washout jeopardises Wairoa-Napier railway reopening 22 Sep, 2018 11:28 PM 2 minutes to read A 45m washout under the railway line north of Raupunga, on the way north towards Wairoa. The Gisborne Herald reported that it took just three seconds for Bola to destroy the bridge over the Wairoa River. The next day it generated peak wind velocities of 195 km/h (120 mph), though it quickly weakened as it accelerated southward. The Black and White shot half way down was taken from a local district newspaper. Te Ara, The Encyclopedia of New Zealand. A comprehensive diagnostic study of the extra tropical precipitation can be read here: Tropical Cyclone Bola written by Mark R. Sinclair. The cyclone slowed as it moved over the area, resulting in over three days of torrential rain. The old Wairoa bridge was destroyed during Cyclone Bola. FRASERTOWN. Wairoa insurance losses (excluding EQC) were $3.79m (1991) Floods – Tairawhiti. Three people were killed due to flooding, and hundreds were evacuated when a swollen river threatened Wairoa. If anyone has some photos of the old Wairoa Bridge, that was built in 1933, we would welcome the use of them. Understand []. But that's all it is – a thunderstorm. It was a devastating blow to all the farmers. So cast your mind back and tell us how Cyclone Bola affected you in March 1988. Wairoa is a town in New Zealand's North Island. As the waters flow down from the higher catchment area, as shown in the map below, the speed of the current picks up momentum sweeping everything within its path along the swollen rivers into the basin funnel - The Wairoa River. [1]. It’s more than 30 years since Cyclone Bola caused flooding in the Nuhaka River, forcing it to create a new channel at the base of a hill. It weakened further and was absorbed by a stationary trough near the South Island on March 12. ... States of emergency were declared in Wairoa, Gisborne and the East Cape. Wairoa is a town of 4,000 people in northern Hawke's Bay, New Zealand.. It is 118 kilometres northeast of Napier, and 92 kilometres southwest of Gisborne. 13,500 tonnes of tomatoes, and several million dollars in vegetables for the local market. Four spans of the then 55-year-old bridge collapsed at 6.25am. Wairoa River at Marumaru: peak recorded level = 14.587m (cyclone “Bola” level in Mar.1988 = 16.600m) water level rise = approx. When Cyclone Bola struck on Monday 7 March, 1988, the East Coast of the North Island suffered devastating floods. We would like your stories and memories from during those Bola months and plan to add pages from your contributions. Damage was estimated to have totaled over $82 million. Wairoa is a town in New Zealand's North Island. 14.0m peak recorded flow rate = approx. Fill out the form. 07 Mar 1988. It formed on February 24 to the north of Fiji, and tracking generally southwestward it reached hurricane-force winds near Vanuatu on February 28. One of the worst cyclones to reach New Zealand was Bola, which hit the north and east of the North Island on 7 March 1988. Finish. Chapter 1   Inundation & Devastation  -  Introduction and background information regarding Cyclone Bola throughout New Zealand. A number of factors combined to make the rain so exceptionally heavy. The Photo above was taken on the 9th of March looking across paddocks towards Waihere Road. Much of the catchment of the Wairoa is very little known and is probably the most difficult country in the North Island. Hawkes Bay Today. One of the most damaging cyclones to hit New Zealand was Cyclone Bola, which struck the Hawke’s Bay and Gisborne–East Cape region in March 1988. Floods accompanying Cyclone Bola threatened to overtop the river banks and inundate the Hawke’s Bay town of Wairoa on 7 March 1988. PHOTO/FILE . The trip happened several times prior to being transported 40 kilometres by road to be placed near the old Wairoa bridge. At 3.20am on Tuesday the 8th of March a Civil Emergency was declared in Wairoa and the fire siren sounded across the township. Wairoa on 7 March 1988. The cyclone was the largest to be recorded in 93 years of rainfall records. The present bridge was opened in February 1990 by Queen Elizabeth II. “It was amazing how quickly it went,” said then Wairoa District Councillor Denys Cave. It took 21 months for life to return to as it had been. OLD WAIROA TOWN & COUNTRY has 11,200 members. Cyclone Bola passed through the Wairoa township, peaking on the 6th and the 7th of March 1988, severely flooding many areas, lifting roofs off buildings and uprooting many trees. 9 March 1988. The most publicised "victim" of the cyclone was the loss of the Wairoa Bridge. Tropical Cyclone Bola written by Mark R. Sinclair. Floods accompanying Cyclone Bola threatened to overtop the river banks and inundate the Hawke’s Bay town of Wairoa on 7 March 1988. 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